Home Blog Food and Agriculture Price of Bag of Onions in Nigeria: Top 5 Producing States

Price of Bag of Onions in Nigeria: Top 5 Producing States

The market price of a bag of onions in Nigeria depends on the size of the bag, season of sale, location, and type of onion being sold. There are small, medium and jumbo bags. You can buy onions at a very cheap rate in Kano state which is in northern Nigeria. Kano state is among the top onion-producing states in Nigeria today. Quality and fresh onions are sold in all major markets across the country.

Top onion-producing states in Nigeria

Nigeria, a country located in West Africa, is known for its vast agricultural potential. Among the various crops grown in the country, onions hold a significant place. The cultivation of onions is widespread across Nigeria, however, certain states stand out for their substantial production.

Sokoto State

Sokoto State, located in the extreme northwest of Nigeria, is one of the leading onion producers. The state is known for its ‘Sokoto Red’ variety of onions, which are popular for their pungent flavor and long shelf life. The climate and soil conditions in Sokoto are particularly favorable for onion cultivation.

Kebbi State

Kebbi State, neighboring Sokoto, is another major onion-producing state. The farmers in Kebbi have mastered the art of onion farming over the years, and the state contributes significantly to the country’s total onion output. The state’s production peaks during the dry season when the weather conditions are optimal for onion growth.

Kaduna State

Kaduna State, located in the north-central part of Nigeria, also contributes significantly to the country’s onion production. The state is known for its vast agricultural lands and favorable climate, which makes it ideal for onion farming. The ‘Kaduna Pink’ variety of onions is particularly popular.

Nasarawa State

Nasarawa State, situated in the middle belt region of Nigeria, is renowned for its onion production as well. The state’s farmers have adopted modern farming techniques, which have significantly increased their onion yield. The state’s onions are known for their large size and strong flavor.

Plateau State

Lastly, Plateau State, also located in the middle belt region, is a major onion producer. The state’s cool climate and fertile soil make it an ideal location for onion farming. The ‘Plateau White’ variety of onions, known for their mild flavor and versatility, are particularly popular.

Current Price of Bag of Onions in Nigeria

Price of Bag of Onions in Nigeria

The current onion prices in Nigeria depend on the size of the bag, the type of onion, and the location within the country. Generally, the average price of a bag of onions is from 40,000 Naira to 50,000 Naira, depending on the size.

  • Onions Jumbo bag 57k
  • Brown bag 60k
  • 100kg 50k
  • Sugar bag 36k

In major markets in cities like Lagos and Abuja, the price of a bag of onions can be on the higher end of the scale due to transportation costs and other overhead expenses incurred by the sellers.

Furthermore, the type of onion also plays a role in determining the price. Red onions, which are more popular for their unique flavor and health benefits, tend to be more expensive than white onions.

Price of onions in Kano today 

Kano, Nigeria, varies depending on the season and the size of the bag. As of today July 25, 2024, a 100kg bag of onions can cost between NGN 45,000 and NGN 48,000. 

During the onion harvest season, which typically falls between November and December, prices tend to be lower due to the increased supply. Conversely, prices can spike during the off-harvest season, which is usually between April and May.

Where to buy onions in bulk in Nigeria

In Nigeria, one of the best places to buy onions in bulk is at the local markets. These markets are spread across the country and are usually bustling with a variety of fresh produce. Some of the major markets where you can find onions in large quantities include Mile 12 Market in Lagos, Bodija Market in Ibadan, and Garki Market in Abuja.

Another viable option is to buy directly from the farmers and at a very cheap rate in the onion-producing states. This is a great way to get fresh onions at a lower cost, as you’ll be buying directly from the source, eliminating middlemen. Some of the top onion-producing states in Nigeria are Sokoto, Kebbi, Zamfara, Kano, and Jigawa.

Also, you can also explore wholesale stores. These stores often sell goods in large quantities at discounted prices. Some wholesale stores in Nigeria where you can buy onions in bulk include Eko Cash and Carry and SPAR Nigeria.

From Farm to Market: The Journey of an Onion in Nigeria

The journey of an onion from farm to market in Nigeria begins with the cultivation process. This usually takes place in the northern regions of the country where the climate is most suitable for onion farming. The top onion-producing states are Kano, Sokoto, Jigawa, Kebbi, and Plateau. Farmers prepare the land, plant the seeds, and nurture the crops with the right mix of water, sunlight, and fertilizers.

The next stage in the journey is the growth and maturation of the onion bulbs. This process takes about 3 to 4 months, depending on the variety of onion. During this period, the farmers continuously monitor the crops, ensuring they are free from pests and diseases. They also ensure the soil remains fertile and the plants receive adequate water.

Once the onions have matured, they are harvested. This is a labor-intensive process as it is mostly done manually. The harvested onions are then sorted based on their size and quality. The best quality onions are usually selected for the market, while the rest may be used for seeds or sold at a lower price.

After the sorting process, the onions are packaged and transported to various markets across the country. This transportation process can be challenging due to the poor state of some roads, leading to potential damage to the onions. However, efforts are often made to ensure the onions reach the market in good condition.

Upon reaching the market, the onions are displayed for sale. The price of a bag of onions in Nigeria can vary greatly, depending on the size of the onions, the season, and the current supply and demand. As of July 25, 2024, the price of a 100kg bag of onions can range from 50,000 to 55,000 Naira.

Finally, the onions are purchased by consumers and used in a variety of dishes. Despite the challenges faced in the journey from farm to market, onions remain a staple in Nigerian cuisine, valued for their unique flavor and nutritional benefits.

RECOMMENDED FOR YOU; Palm Oil Price in Nigeria Per Gallon, Litre, and Kg

The Logistics of Onion Distribution in Nigeria

Nigeria is a complex process that involves several stages. It begins with the cultivation of onions in the top-producing states, which include Sokoto, Kebbi, Zamfara, Kano, and Plateau. These states have favorable climatic conditions and soil types that support the growth of onions.

The harvested onions are then sorted and packaged into bags at the farm. The size of the bag usually determines the price. The packaging process is crucial as it ensures the onions are not damaged during transportation, which could lead to losses.

Transportation is the next stage in the logistics of onion distribution. The onions are transported from the farms to various markets across the country. This is usually done by road using trucks. The condition of the roads and the distance covered significantly impact the cost of transportation and ultimately, the price of the onions.

Upon arrival at the markets, the onions are offloaded and sold to wholesalers or retailers. These middlemen play an important role in the distribution chain as they ensure the onions reach consumers in different parts of the country. The price at this point is influenced by factors such as demand and supply, market forces, and the quality of the onions.

Finally, the onions are sold to consumers in markets, supermarkets, and stores across Nigeria. The price at this stage is determined by the retail price set by the sellers, which takes into account all the costs incurred in the distribution process, including transportation, labor, and other overhead costs.

It’s worth noting that the logistics of onion distribution in Nigeria face several challenges. These include poor road infrastructure, post-harvest losses due to inadequate storage facilities, and fluctuations in prices due to changes in market dynamics. Addressing these challenges could help stabilize the price of onions and ensure a steady supply to consumers.

Why are Onion Prices so High?

Many reasons can make onion prices to be so high. One of the primary reasons is the cost of production. Onion farming is labor-intensive and requires a significant investment in seeds, fertilizers, irrigation, and pest control measures. This cost is often passed on to the consumer, resulting in higher prices.

Seasonal variations also play a significant role in onion pricing. During the off-season, when the supply is low, prices tend to rise. Onions have a specific growing season and outside of this period, they must be stored. However, onions are perishable and can be lost due to poor storage conditions, further reducing the supply and increasing prices.

Transportation costs also contribute to the high price of onions. The majority of onions in Nigeria are produced in the northern states, but they are consumed all over the country. The cost of transporting the onions from the farms to the markets in different parts of the country adds to the overall price.

Market dynamics such as demand and supply also affect the price of onions. If the demand for onions is high and the supply is low, the price will increase. Similarly, if there are disruptions in the supply chain due to factors like bad weather, strikes, or political instability, it can lead to a shortage of onions in the market, causing prices to rise.

Inflation and changes in the exchange rate can also lead to higher onion prices. If the value of the Nigerian Naira decreases against other currencies, it increases the cost of importing agricultural inputs like seeds and fertilizers, which in turn increases the cost of onion production.

Add comment

Ajangbadi, Ojo, Lagos State Lagos, Nigeria.
Follow BetaSales on social media
© 2024 BetaSales - Classified Online Marketplace . All rights reserved.